Gordon Parks, Dr. Kenneth B. Clark conducting the Doll Test, Harlem, New York, 1947
In the “doll test,” psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark used four plastic, diaper-clad dolls, identical except for color. They showed the dolls to black children between the ages of three and seven and asked them questions to determine racial perception and preference. Almost all of the children readily identified the race of the dolls. However, when asked which they preferred, the majority selected the white doll and attributed positive characteristics to it. The Clarks also gave the children outline drawings of a boy and girl and asked them to color the figures the same color as themselves. Many of the children with dark complexions colored the figures with a white or yellow crayon. The Clarks concluded that “prejudice, discrimination, and segregation” caused black children to develop a sense of inferiority and self-hatred. This photograph was taken by Gordon Parks for a 1947 issue of Ebony magazine. (via)
You want to know what is exceptionally fucked up?
The same study was replicated in 2008. Dark-skinned children still by far selected the white doll. Repeatedly.
Hi there! I am Audra and this is my first tattoo. I have had this tattoo for a few weeks now. Most people have a background story or have some sentimental meaning behind their tattoos, but I really don’t, I just fell in love with it and decided to get it! Electric Tattoo, Bradley Beach, NJ. By Rich Heller. Highly recommended! He is a very talented artist!
Do you guys remember That’s So Raven? That’s So Raven, one of the few shows Disney channel did right. That’s So Raven, if you don’t remember starred Raven Symone as Raven Baxter. Let me tell you somethings about Raven Baxter; Raven Baxter wasn’t a thin girl nor did she want to be famous singer like EVERY OTHER CHARACTER ON TELEVISION TODAY. No, Raven was a girl with some extra meat on her bones that wanted to be a fashion designer and model her own work. Remember the episode where a magazine put her head on another model’s body because she didn’t have ‘the look’ and how Raven fought to change it? What happened to episodes like that, Disney Channel? Yes, That’s So Raven, despite being a show about a psychic, was the most real kids show on television. What about the episode dealing with racism when the store manager refused to hire Raven because she’s black? Or the episode dealing with drugs when Raven thought her brother, Cory, was smoking? This was a show that was popular and relatable. It didn’t feature a new song every week, it didn’t need to! The hilarious antics of the costume wearing Raven Baxter, mixed with life lessons we can actually read, made this show the best show Disney Channel came up with ever.